What Is The Oldest Philosophy?

What are the 10 branches of philosophy?

The branches of philosophy are divided into the many fields of philosophy:Aesthetics.

Aesthetics is study of the nature of beauty, art, and taste, and the creation of personal kinds of truth.Epistemology.

Ethics.

Logic.

Metaphysics.

Philosophical movements.

Epistemology.

Ethics.More items….

What are the 7 branches of philosophy?

Evolutionary PhilosophyPhilosophy – is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. … Six Branches of Philosophy – Epistemology, Logic, Metaphysics, Ethics, Aesthetics, Political Philosophy.More items…

What was there before philosophy?

Coming from the eastern and western fringes of the Greek world, the pre-Socratics were the forerunners of what became Western philosophy as well as natural philosophy, which later developed into the natural sciences (such as physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy).

What are the 6 major time periods of world history?

The College Board has broken down the History of the World into six distinct periods (FOUNDATIONS, CLASSICAL, POST-CLASSICAL, EARLY-MODERN, MODERN, CONTEMPORARY.

Who was the very first philosopher?

Thales of Miletus (/ˈθeɪliːz/ THAY-leez; Greek: Θαλῆς (ὁ Μιλήσιος), Thalēs; c. 624/623 – c. 548/545 BC) was a Greek mathematician, astronomer and pre-Socratic philosopher from Miletus in Ionia, Asia Minor.

Who is the greatest philosopher in the world?

Here are 10 Greatest Philosophers who ever livedAristotle. The list of the greatest philosophers is incomplete without Aristotle. … Immanuel Kant. After Aristotle, Immanuel Kant comes at number #2 in the list of the greatest philosopher who ever lived. … John Locke. … Epicurus. … Zeno of Citium. … Plato. … Confucius. … David Hume.More items…•

Who are the most famous Greek philosophers?

Here is a list of the top 10 most influential ancient Greek philosophers:Anaximander (610 BC–546 BC) … Empedocles (490 BC–430 BC) … Zeno (490 BC–430 BC) … Pythagoras (570 BC–495 BC) … Socrates (469 BC–399 BC) … Plato (427 BC–347 BC) … Aristotle (384 BC–322 BC) … Thales of Miletus (620 BC–546 BC)More items…

Who was the father of logic?

AristotleAs the father of western logic, Aristotle was the first to develop a formal system for reasoning. He observed that the deductive validity of any argument can be determined by its structure rather than its content, for example, in the syllogism: All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal.

What is ancient period in philosophy?

Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BC, at a time when the ancient inhabitants of modern Greece were struggling, from all angles, to repel devastating invasions from the east and continued throughout the Hellenistic period and the period in which Greece and most Greek-inhabited lands were part of the …

What are the 3 major branches of philosophy?

Explain and differentiate three main areas of philosophy: ethics, epistemology and metaphysics. 2. Explain the difference between knowledge and beliefs about the physical world (the realm of science) and knowledge and beliefs about moral issues and metaphysical things such as God, Heaven and Hell, and souls. 3.

How many branches of philosophy do we have?

Six BranchesSix Branches of Philosophy – Epistemology, Logic, Metaphysics, Ethics, Aesthetics, Political Philosophy. These branches originate from basic questions.

Which is the oldest philosophy?

Indian PhilosophySamkhya: Samkhya is the oldest of the orthodox philosophical systems, and it postulates that everything in reality stems from purusha (self or soul or mind) and prakriti (matter, creative agency, energy). … Yoga: … Nyaya: … Vaisheshika: … Purva Mimamsa: … Vedanta:

What are the 4 periods of philosophy?

Category:Philosophers by periodAncient philosophy (600 B.C.E. –1000 C.E.)Medieval philosophy (1000 C.E.–1500 C.E.)Modern philosophy (1500 C.E.–1900 C.E)Contemporary philosophy (1900 C.E. – present)

Who is the mother of philosophy?

Thomas Hobbes – LeisureThomas Hobbes – Leisure is the Mother of Philosophy.

Who founded the philosophy?

The separation of philosophy and science from theology began in Greece during the 6th century BC. Thales, an astronomer and mathematician, was considered by Aristotle to be the first philosopher of the Greek tradition. While Pythagoras coined the word, the first known elaboration on the topic was conducted by Plato.

What is Plato’s philosophy?

In metaphysics Plato envisioned a systematic, rational treatment of the forms and their interrelations, starting with the most fundamental among them (the Good, or the One); in ethics and moral psychology he developed the view that the good life requires not just a certain kind of knowledge (as Socrates had suggested) …

What was Socrates philosophy?

Philosophy. Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.

What are the main points of philosophy?

The four main branches of philosophy are logic, epistemology, metaphysics, and axiology:Logic is the attempt to codify the rules of rational thought. … Epistemology is the study of knowledge itself. … Metaphysics is the study of the nature of things.More items…•